IBL is a form of active learning in which students are given a carefully scaffolded sequence of mathematical tasks and are asked to solve and make sense of them, working individually or in groups. Many varieties of IBL exist under one “big tent”. While courses may look different, they all rely on the core principles of (1) deep engagement in rich mathematical activities and (2) opportunities to collaborate with peers. Following these core principles, IBL courses enhance student learning by providing opportunities to learn the process of understanding and presenting math rather than simply watching someone else do it.

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